Sepsis or blood infection

Sepsis or blood infection occurs when microbes enter the blood. Many microbes can cause blood infection, among which bacteria are the most important factor. Sepsis is a serious disease that varies in severity. In severe cases, blood pressure may drop and as a result, different organs of the body may fail, and it may also cause clots in small vessels.

Cause of sepsis:

Lung infection (pneumonia), bladder and kidney infection, skin infection, abdominal infections such as appendicitis or infections of other areas such as meningitis can spread and turn into sepsis. Infections after surgeries can cause sepsis.

People who are at risk of sepsis

People whose immune system is disabled due to diseases such as cancer or AIDS.
People whose immune system is not yet complete, such as premature babies
Very young and very old people
Anyone who has transplanted organs.
Those who receive chemotherapy and radiation.
People who have long-term diseases such as AIDS and diabetes
People who have severe injuries and burns.
People who have an infection.
Symptoms of sepsis

The body temperature goes up and down because the body is not able to control the temperature and symptoms like:

Increased heart rate and breathing
Decreased level of alertness, delirium and confusion

Small and subcutaneous bleeding that can be in the form of skin color change or small red dots.
Joint pain such as spine, wrist, hip, elbow and knee
nausea and vomiting
Decreased urination
Decreased muscle length and decreased appetite in infants
When should you see a doctor?

If you see any of the symptoms of sepsis or if you are in any of the following situations, see a doctor.

You are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment.
You are a member link.
Did you have AIDS?
A child under two months who has fever, malaise, loss of appetite, changes in normal behavior, unusual rash.
Examinations and tests:

Blood is taken by inserting a needle into the forearm or arm, and it is determined whether the number of white blood cells has increased or not.

It is possible that the blood can be sent to the laboratory and cultured in special environments to see if the bacteria grows or not.

Usually, the result of the test is determined after 24 hours, this is called a blood culture. It is possible to take samples from the mucus, urine, spinal fluid, or the contents of the abscess to see the microbes in them.

Other tests that may be requested are a chest radiograph for a lung infection and a CT scan of the abdomen for an abdominal infection.

Producer: Roya Rostami Moghadam


Compilation date: summer 1400

Revision date: 3 years later

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