blood pressure

What is blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the pressure of blood circulation in the walls of blood vessels. Blood pressure usually refers to the pressure in the large arteries in the systemic circulation and is usually measured in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heartbeat) over the diastolic pressure (minimum between two heartbeats).

Take blood pressure seriously!

What is systolic blood pressure?

When your heart beats, it pumps blood through the arteries to the rest of the body, this force exerts pressure on those blood vessels, which is the systolic pressure. Normal systolic pressure is below 120 mm Hg.

What is diastolic blood pressure? Diastolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between two heartbeats. This is when the 9 hearts are filled with blood and oxygen. Diastolic blood pressure is lower than 80 mm Hg. 90 or higher is high blood pressure.

Blood pressure is divided into several categories:

  1. Normal with less than 80/120 mm Hg
  2. Before developing blood pressure, 120-130 / 89-80 mm Hg
  3. Mild blood pressure 159-140 / 99-90 mm Hg
  4. Average blood pressure 160-179/109-100 mm Hg
  5. Severe blood pressure 180/110 mm Hg

Description of high blood pressure

High blood pressure is an increase in pressure from the blood flow to the walls of the blood vessels. High blood pressure is sometimes called the “silent killer” because it often has no symptoms until the late stages.

Factors that cause high blood pressure:

Being overweight
Lack of physical activity
High salt diet
Consumption of alcoholic beverages
old age
Genetic factors
Family history of high blood pressure
Chronic kidney disease
Symptoms of high blood pressure: Unfortunately, most of the time, high blood pressure does not show any symptoms. The only sure way to tell you about your blood pressure is to have it monitored by a doctor. The following symptoms can be a warning sign for high blood pressure.

severe headache
vision problems
Chest pain
hard breathing
Irregular heartbeat
The presence of blood in the urine
Blood pressure treatment:

Weight Loss
quit smoking
Having a proper diet that includes low-fat, low-sodium foods and daily consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Doing proper sports, especially aerobic sports

Producer: Elham Bayani

Source: Bruner Sodarth, 14th edition, 2018, Mary M.’s disease education book. Kanabio (handbook)

Compilation date: summer 1400

Revision date: 3 years later “Mir Hosseini Hospital Shiraz” website

Shirazmirhosseinihospital: Insta email

Phone: 071-32284433: Fax: 071-32287481