What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs due to changes in the insulin hormone system, which may not produce insulin completely, such as type 1 diabetes, or a disruption in the production of insulin hormone and a decrease in the body’s response to the hormone can be seen, such as type 2 diabetes.

There are two types of diabetes:

A: Type 1: Type 1 diabetes is more common in young people. Type 1 patients must inject insulin regularly.

B: Type 2: Type 2 diabetes is seen in middle-aged and older people, and blood sugar levels can be controlled by taking blood sugar-lowering pills or by lowering blood sugar only with diet.

Symptoms of diabetes include:

Thirst, increased urination, urinary infections, weight loss, oral thrush, fatigue and sleepiness, blurred vision.

Effective factors in causing diabetes:

inheritance (genetic)

In people who have the symptoms of diabetes, it is possible to find out their disease simply by doing a blood or urine test. Blood sugar control is measured by checking blood sugar before breakfast. Normal blood sugar level is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter.

Treatment of diabetes:

Treatment of diabetes includes the following:

By using a special diet and lifestyle changes
With blood sugar lowering pills like Metformin and Glyben glamide and…
Insulin injection
diet :
Changing the type and amount of food that a diabetic person eats, in addition to losing weight, can help improve and control blood sugar and lower blood cholesterol and blood pressure. A diet rich in fiber helps to control blood sugar. In people with diabetes, a low-salt diet and high consumption of coffee, vegetables and low-fat dairy products are recommended.

Eat a lot of vegetables and fruits at least 5 times a day
Eat less starchy vegetables such as potatoes, but you can eat as many non-starchy vegetables as you like.
Use foods that are all grains (preferably whole grains).
Use very thin bread, rice or pasta instead of white bread, white rice or regular pasta.
Use foods with high fiber to make you feel full sooner.
Use less meat products.
Before eating chicken or turkey, peel them.
Eat fish 2-3 times a week.
Consume low-fat or fat-free dairy products such as: fat-free milk, fat-free yogurt and low-fat cheese.
Avoid eating high-calorie foods. High-calorie foods include: carbonated soft drinks, fruit drinks, candy, chips, cookies, cakes, and high-fat ice cream.
Use liquid oils.

  1. Sports

Exercise is beneficial for people with diabetes. It can be useful even for people who have diabetes for a long time or have diabetes complications. In people with diabetes, exercise reduces weight and cardiovascular capacity. It also controls blood pressure, improves fat levels, and in some cases improves blood sugar control. An average of 30 minutes of exercise per day, less than 5 days per week, is recommended. If exercise is regular, it helps to reduce blood sugar. Exercise should be done at a certain time of the day (preferably when the blood sugar level is at its highest) and to a certain extent.

  1. Stop smoking: More than 25% of people with diabetes are smokers. Quitting smoking is one of the things that helps to improve a person’s health. Cigarettes lead to heart attacks, increase blood fat and blood sugar levels.

Producer: Razia Begum Hosseini

Source: WWW.Patient

Information, Diabetes

Diabetes, Professor Wadi Baylos

Compilation date: summer 1400

Revision date: 3 years later

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